treculia africana pdf

Wetland Status. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. oxalate and phytate levels (mg/100gDM), were 0.06±0.12, 3.01±0.11 The seeds contained 8.01±0.10% moisture, 12.27+0.01% Treculia africana is an economically important but often neglected tropical fruit tree native to many tropical countries. Treculia affona N.E.Br.. Treculia centralis A.Chev.. Treculia dewevrei De Wild. Based on the phytochemical screening, seeds of Treculia africana were rich in bases such as flavonoids polyphenols, cardiac glycoside, saponins and authraquinones, which are known to have antimicrobial activity (Sofowora, 1980). Treculia africana (African breadfruit) of the family Moraceae is an underutilized and neglected fruit plant. The dried samples were ground into power with an electric grinder and stored in a dissector prior to analysis. preparing Treculia africana seeds in eastern part of Nigeria and the product is a thick porridge. The African bread fruit is produced by Treculia, a wild tropical evergreen tree and has immense potential as a nutritional source for man. Afterwards, they were drained of water, dried for 24 h, milled to flour and fed to rats in a dietary incorporation. Despite, the great nutritional and medicinal potential of the African bread fruit, there is little analytical information on the chemical profile of the fruit and seed. hÞbbd```b``^ "Ó@$“.ˆä®‘¬WÁ"Á ’Í ,òD²(Iu0 ?fgƒõFMS‘ÉsÁæׁH®h°iý`YVÉ` African breadfruit is an important economic tree; it sustains population during However, T.africana is not commonly used as food in Ghana. All reagents used were of analytical grade and the water used for the analysis were double distilled. The breadfruit belongs to the family Moraceae and is one of the four members of the genera Treculia. African breadfruit is an important economic tree; it sustains population during 4). https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2009.1005.1008, Toxicant composition of seeds of African bread fruit (, Mineral elements composition of the seeds of African bread Interpreting Wetland Status. The seeds of the plant are edible. Abstract. La semoj enhavas ĉ. The results of the mineral contents (Table 3) clearly showed that itriculais Africana may be a rich source of some mineral elements notably Mg, K and Ca but not of others like Na Fe and Cu. 1 filter paper and the excess water removed by concentration, using a rotary evaporator to 50 cm3 and stored in the refrigerator for use. The seed [Dry Mass (DM) basis] contained 8% moisture, 12.5% crude protein, 4.2% fat 2.3% ash 1.6% fibre and 73% carbohydrate. 2,5 % mineralaj saloj. 50) x 14 (max. Ukpabi and Chukwuma (1999) reported on the production of the African bread fruit and soybean (Glycine max) sed based food formulation, Chukwuma and Ukppabi (1999) studied the effects of germination and fermentation on nutritional and organoleptic quality. Two mL of concentrated HCl, were added to dissolve the ash and a few drops of concentrated HNO3 were added (AOAC, 1990). Iso- Our seed protein value (Table 1) was closer to the 13.43% DM reported in Edet (1982). fruit (, Phytochemical screening of the seeds of African bread fruit and 0.7±0.01, respectively. Artocarpus africana Sim.. Ficus welwitschii Miq.. Ficus whytei Stapf . The levels of toxicants were considered relatively Abstract. Bark grey, smooth and thick; when cut, exuding white latex which later turns rusty-red. Thus, it could serve as a good source of energy. Treculia africana (African breadfruit) of the family Moraceae is an underutilized and neglected fruit plant. in nitrogeneous components than other part of the plants. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender. Treculia africana (African breadfruit) of the family Moraceae is an underutilized and neglected fruit plant. Treculia africana is native to many parts of West and tropical Africa. Accessed on 07 … Key words: Factors - seedling - growth - survival - Treculia africana Introduction Treculia africana (Moraceae) , commonly called the west African breadfruit, is a high forest tree species growing up to 45 m in height. %PDF-1.5 %âãÏÓ Its trees attain over 98 feet in height and produce delicious large fruits. Treculia africana is an evergreen forest tree 10-30 (max. The moisture content was low when compared with other parts f fruits as reported previously (Jeremiah). The crude extract of T. africana has been used in folk medicine as an anti-inflammatory agent for various ailments, such as whooping cough. ABSTRACT This study was carried out to investigate the effect of different lights intensities on the germination and early growth of Treculia africana under different light intensities (100%, 60%, and 40% light intensities) as well as under forest canopy (control I), open nursery … Accessed on 07-Oct-06. Rincon et al. Treculia erinacea A.Chev. Proximate analysis: The proximate composition of seeds was determined using the methods of the AOAC (1990). They were offered supplementary feeds of African breadfruit (Treculia africana) porridge for a period of 12 weeks. Sodium and potassium were determined with a flame photometer (Gallenkamp) as described in Vogel (1962). ex Trec. The flowers are yellow brown, occurring in the axis of leaves or on older wood down to the trunk. Emarck concentrated volumetric solutions were used as standard metallic ions solution for the calibrations. Treculia africana is an economically important but often neglected tropical fruit tree native to many tropical countries. Introduction African breadfruit (Treculia africana) constitutes a very important reserve of essential food nutrients that are available at certain critical periods of the year when reliable sources of … Author information: (1)Federal University Ndufu-Alike, Ikwo, Nigeria. The leaves are huge, dark green, simple, and alternate. We evaluated its chemical and nutritional properties as a first step in realizing its food value. Crushed leaves are applied on the tongue as a treatment for throat and the leaf juice is used locally as ear drops. Treculia africana is a large evergreen tree species found in tropical parts of Africa and is one of the forest tree species that are adjudged to be of immense domestic importance to … The low seed phylate level may not cause adverse effects on digestibility as when present in high levels (Nwokolo and Bragg, 1977). More Accounts and Images; ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (TRAF2) Integrated … It prefers moist soil. In order to promote its use as food, this study – African breadfruit Subordinate Taxa. Eleazu C(1), Ezekwibe I(1), Egbe M(1), Saidu S(1), Eleazu K(2), Egedigwe C(1). (, + = Positive in moderate quantity, - = Negative (absent), These secondary metabolites are known to have microbial activity as well as other physiological activity. The leaf ash is used as a remedy for enlarged spleen. Bark grey, smooth and thick; when cut, exuding white latex which later turns rusty-red. There is no report in literature on the mucilage of T. africana seeds however the results obtained in this study differ considerably from a mucilage value of 9.4% reported for cocoa mucilage by Avellone They were washed and boiled to softness (about 2 h). Table 1 shows the proximate compositions of the seeds of The presence of these secondary metabolites accounts for its use for medicinal purposes [8]. For mineral elements, the contents (mg/100 gDM) were 587±0.2 for potassium (K), 186±0.2 for Magnesium (Mg) and 850±0.02 for zinc (Zn). Uzado. Seeds were manually separated from five freshly plucked fruits and oven dried in an Astell Hearson type oven at 60oC for 24hr. Here we analyzed the food value of the African bred fruit and seeds to support their use in food and feed formulation. PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ELEMENTAL ANALYSES OF GUM OBTAINED FROM TRECULIA AFRICANA SEEDS Phytochemical screening: This was carried out according to Sofowora (1980), Harborne (1973) and Oyoyede (2005). Excess consumption of oxalic acid can cause corrosive gastroenteritis (Fasset, 1973; Eastwood, 1986). These analyses included moisture, crude protein, fibre, ash, fat and carbohydrate. Compositions of toxicants in seeds were quite low with levels (mg/100 g) of 0.06±0.12 for hydrocyanide 3.0±0.11 for oxalate and 0.76±0.01 for phytate. Animal experiments 50) x 14 (max. Treculia. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the seedling emergence and seedling quality of Treculia africana seeds as influenced by storage duration and propagation media. According to Morton and Miami [3], breadfruits are believed to be native to a vast area extending from New Guinea To obtain the crude uaqueous extract 200 g of dried powered samples were soaked in 500 cm3 of deionized water for 8 h. This was then filtered through whatman No. The sodium (Na), Calcium (Ca), iron (Fe) and Copper (Cu) contents were negligible. The seed protein was quite high as reported in Umoh (1998) that seeds of Treculia were usually higher. Results of phytochemical screening of the extract showed, that it contained appreciable amounts of flavonoid, polyphenols, anthraquinones, saponins and cardiac glycosides. A member of the Moraceae family and genus of Artocarpus, Breadfruit is a fruit tree that does excellently in the tropics. 157 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<2F9B52E350C8FD4790E7F0322F2009DC><1766920161299B4A8D19BE08A0EAC447>]/Index[120 85]/Info 119 0 R/Length 161/Prev 1171601/Root 121 0 R/Size 205/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Toxicant analysis: Hydrocyanic acid (HCN) was estimated by the alkaline titration method (AOAC, 1975). Results of phytochemical screening of seeds showed the presence of flavonoids, When cut, the thick bark produces white latex that turns rusty red. Phlobatanninss were determined according to Oyeyede (2005). Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Treculia africana Decne. The fruits are hard and fibrous, can be the size of a volleyball and weight up to 8.5 kg. Tiu arbo ankaŭ kreskas en Centrafriko. INFLUENCE OF DIFFERENT LIGHT INTENSITIES ON THE GERMINATION AND EARLY GROWTH OF Treculia africana. 0 It was observed that cell division Treculia africana is commonly called African breadfruit [1], [2]. Treculia africana may be ranked as carbohydrate rich leaf as well as in fruit in past literature (Osabor et al., 2009), hence its leaf will be a good … Treculia africana kreskas en Okcidenta Afriko de Senegambio ĝis Angolo. The seeds were screened for alkaloids, saponins, tannins, anthraquinones, anthranoids, flavonoids, polyphenols, phlobotanin and cardiac glucossides. The oxalate level was also low and unlikely to pose toxicity problems in food since it is far below the toxic levels of (Munro and Bassir, 1969; Oke, 1996). Accessed on … The presence of these secondary metabolites accounts for the usefulness of the seed medicinal purposes (Ebana et al., 1995). The seeds of the plant are edible. They were washed and boiled to softness (about 2 h). The mineral contents (mg/100 gDM) in seeds ranged from 7.10±0.01 Breadfruit farming is everything that has to do with the planting, management, and harvesting of the various types of breadfruits. In addition the seeds were high in K, Mg and Ca but may need to be fortified with Na, Fe and Zn when used in food formulation because of their low inherent levels. The moisture level of food is usually a measure of stability and susceptibility to microbial contamination (Scott, 1980). Seeds often contain naturally occurring substances which are deleterious to man and animal (Checke and Scchull, 1985; Liner, 1986; Huisman et al., 1989; Osagi, 1998). The study was carried out to maximize the utilization of the seeds of Treculia africana for food and medicine. The best-known member of the genus, Treculia africana, commonly known as the African breadfruit, is used as a food plant. The low content of hydrocyanide, oxalate and phytate in the seed makes it both non toxic and non-poisonous when used as food or feed. The seeds may also serve as a raw material for production of snacks cookies. 19 % altvalora proteino, 15 ĝis 19 % gradoj, 40 ĝis 45 % amelo krome 3 ĝis 9 % sukero, 3 ĝis 5 % fibroj kaj ĉ. One hundred and fifty children with mild to moderate malnutrition (Group A) aged six to 66 months were recruited from four semi-urban/rural communities within Ikenne Local Government Area of Ogun State. The crude fibre level was very low but close to the value of 1.42% DM determined in Edet (1982). (1991) showed that commercial processing of food changed the composition of food including the loss of major constituents like polysaccharides, protein, vitamins and minerals. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Treculia africana Decne, a breadfruit species, is native to many parts of West and Tropical Africa. The contents were then transferred to 100 mL volumetric flask and diluted to volume with deionized water and appropriate dilutions were made for each element before analysis. Seeds from breadfruits are q… Depending on one’s choice, oil could be added. Treculia africana Decne, of the genus Treculia, a member of the Moraceae family is a common cultivar in Africa. Treculia africana in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. African breadfruit (Treculia Africana) is a tree specie in the genus, Treculia (T) and family, Moraceae (Walker, 2009). The nutritional and anti nutritional potentials of a number of wild tropical seeds and fruits have assessed by several workers (Grant et al., 1983; Alabi et al., 2005; Ejidike and Ajileye, 2007). The Plants Database includes the following 1 species of Treculia . š“! 6,9-Dihydro-megastigmane-3-one is isolated from both T. africana and T. acuminata. Key words: Factors - seedling - growth - survival - Treculia africana Introduction Treculia africana (Moraceae) , commonly called the west African breadfruit, is a high forest tree species growing up to 45 m in height. Treculia africana in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. We evaluated its chemical and nutritional properties as a first step in realizing its food value. (2004) studied the water absorption process during soaking of the African bread fruit seeds at five typical soaking temperatures. Abstract. polyphenols, anthraquinone, saponins and cardiac glycosides (Table The main objective of this study was to evaluate the seedling emergence and seedling quality of Treculia africana seeds as influenced by storage duration and propagation media. Abstract A study was carried out to estimate the nutritive value of four indigenous multi-purpose tree (MPT) species ( Enterolobium cyclocarpum , Treculia africana , Gliricidia sepium and Millettia griffoniana ) by the evaluation of their seasonal chemical composition, in vitro fermentation and in sacco dry matter (DM) degradation. These antinutritional factors need to be removed or inactivated by extensive washing and heat treatment of the seeds or seed meal prior to use in the diet. Leaves simple, alternate, very large, about 30 (max. It is characterised by a fluted bole with smooth, light grey thin bark which extrudes abundant milky latex when slashed. Abstract. The solvent partitioned purified fractions of the hydro-acetone root bark extract of the African breadfruit (Treculia africana Decne) were evaluated for hypoglycemic activities in normal and diabetic albino rats.Fasting blood glucose levels were estimated by the use of a glucometer at pre-determined intervals after oral administration of the test extracts/fractions. Afterwards, they were drained of water, dried for 24 h, milled to flour and fed to rats in a dietary incorporation. African breadfruit (Treculia Africana) is a tree specie in the genus, Treculia (T) and family, Moraceae (Walker, 2009). The mineral compositions were comparable those reported in the literature (Oyenuga, 1968; Edet, 1982; Ejidike amd Ajileye, 2007). It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. Thus Treculia seeds may not be an efficient source of dietary fibre, which is important for reducing cholesterol levels In the body to minimize risks of cardiovascular diseases caused by high plasma cholesterol (Umoh, 1998). hÞb```¢›lž?D@„(ÊÂÀÑRp˜á€Ú—‰. (1990) and Nikdel et al. The ash contents of the seeds were low in the present study and partly reflected the mineral composition (Oyoyede, 2005). Treculia africana, otherwise known as African Breadfruit, is a tropical, evergreen tree growing up to 30 m in height. Treculia africana (African breadfruit) of the family Moraceae is an underutilized and neglected fruit plant. According to Morton and Miami [3], breadfruits are believed to be native to a vast area extending from New Guinea The heavy metal African breadfruit seed meal (ABSM) was used to replace maize at 0%, 20%, 40%, 60% and 80% inclusion levels of maize and designated as T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 respectively. The bread fruit tree is of the family, Moracene and is one of the four members of the genera. In order to promote its use as food, this study was conducted to determine the pasting properties of the flour derived from the seeds. The seed [Dry Mass (DM) basis] contained 8% moisture, 12.5% crude protein, 4.2% fat 2.3% ash 1.6% fibre and 73% carbohydrate. Dehulled African bread fruit (Treculia africana Dec-ne) seeds were purchased from the central (meat) market, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria. %%EOF Lin and Shieh (1992) noted the presence of pyrono flavonoids in bread fruits (Artocarpuss comunis) which also contained strong inhibitory effects Shittu et al. However, T.africana is not commonly used as food in Ghana. Dehulled African bread fruit (Treculia africana Dec-ne) seeds were purchased from the central (meat) market, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Fish placed , 2006) suggests that poly- phenols may be the major constituents of the genus Treculia. 204 0 obj <>stream Phytic acid was determined by the method of McCance and Widdowson (1953) while oxalate was determined according to Dye (1956). The seed [Dry Mass (DM) basis] contained 8% moisture, 12.5% crude protein, 4.2% fat 2.3% ash 1.6% fibre and 73% carbohydrate. Many names are given to this species in the Igbo language in southern Nigeria, but the most common is ukwa. ++= Positive in large quantity. Treculia africana has been shown to contain flavonoids, polyphenols, polysaccharides cardiac glycosides, saponins and anthraquinones which are known to have antimicrobial activity [6,7]. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Ranging between 30 and 70oC and found that water absorption increase exponentially with an increase in temperature. Leaves simple, alternate, very large, about 30 (max. The seed of Treculia africana has been shown to contain The ethanolic extract was obtained by soxhlet extractor followed by evaporation and concentration to remove the alcohol (Harborne, 1973). However, our fat level was considerably higher than the 1.2 g% reported in Ekpenyong (1985) for Treculia africana. Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences 2014; 2(5): 215-219 217 the consistency thickens a substantial amount of the liquid 50) m in height and 3 m in girth with a dense spreading crown and fluted trunk. Mature fruit samples of Treculia africana were collected from a rainforest in Calabar, Nigeria and properly, identified at the University of Calabar Botanical Garden. Treculia africana is commonly called African breadfruit [1], [2]. Conclusion: The African bread fruit seed contain high level of carbohydrate and protein but is relatively low in fat, ash and fibre. 097-108-III-4_Treculia africana:00_Musterseite_NEU 23.10.2008 16:41 Uhr Seite 9 Further informations – Treculia africana is a very promising tree species for in- Treculia africana Decne., (African bread fruit; wild jack fruit, or African boxwood), is a neglected and underexploited tropical tree crop belonging to the taxonomic family Moraceae. The carbohydrate and protein contents in it were much higher than other parameters studied. Treculia africana is a species of tree known in English as African breadfruit (Tanzania, Zambia, Uganda, USA), breadfruit (Nigeria), wild jackfruit (Tanzania, Uganda), and African boxwood (Malawi). However, T.africana is not commonly used as food in Ghana. for Na to 587±0.02 for K (Table 3). Native Introduced Native and Introduced The peculiarity of its fruit revolves around the fact that it’s very edible at any time- unripe or ripe. The extracts were tested for alkaloids, anthraquinones, saponins tannins polyphenols cardiac glycosides and anthraquinone using procedures described in Harborne (1973). In order to promote its use as food, this study This plant has no children Legal Status. Table 2 shows the toxicant composition of the seed; the HCN, Treculia africana is an evergreen forest tree 10-30 (max. Treculia africana Decne, of the genus Treculia, a member of the Moraceae family is a common cultivar in Africa. & T.Durand. One hundred and fifty children with mild to moderate malnutrition (Group A) aged six to 66 months were recruited from four semi-urban/rural communities within Ikenne Local Government Area of Ogun State. The fruits are … Botanically known as “Treculia Africana,” African breadfruit (ukwa) is a very nutrition meal commonly eaten by the Igbo people in southeastern Nigeria. Introduction African breadfruit (Treculia africana) constitutes a very important reserve of essential food nutrients that are available at certain critical periods of the year when reliable sources of … Treculia africana is an evergreen Tree growing to 30 m (98ft) by 30 m (98ft) at a medium rate. Depending on the variety, fruits are rounded/elliptic and seed/seedless. It is characterised by a fluted bole with smooth, light grey thin bark which extrudes abundant milky latex when slashed. extracted Treculia africana seeds. The African bread fruit is produced by Treculia, a wild tropical evergreen tree and has immense potential as a nutritional source for man. The genus name Treculia is after AUGUSTE TRÉCUL, a nineteenth century French botanist. The African breadfruit (Treculia africana Decne) is a member of the Moraceae, a family that includes the more popular Polynesian breadfruit, Artocarpus altilisFosberg (also called Artocarpus communis).The family contains over 50 genera and over 1000 species of tropical trees and shrubs, many of which produce edible fruits and seeds. Mucilage constitutes about 30 + 2% of the whole T. africana seeds used in the study on wet basis. Treculia africana may be ranked as carbohydrate rich due to its high carbohydrate contents. However, T.africana is not commonly used as food in Ghana. A Pye Unicam atomic absorption spectrophotometer with acetylene flame was used to analyze calcium, magnesium, zinc, iron and copper as described in AOAC (1990). In some cases, shortly before . They were offered supplementary feeds of African breadfruit (Treculia africana) porridge for a period of 12 weeks. It is a native of Africa as indicated by its name (Atuanya, Aigbodion and Nwigbo, 2012). We evaluated its chemical and nutritional properties as a first step in realizing its food value. African Breadfruit, Treculia africana, Moraceae, Volatile Oil, GC-MS 1. The seeds of the plant are edible. gether with the earlier report of a chalcone and a coumarin from T. africana (Moody et al. contents ranged from 1.66±0.01 for Fe to 8.50±0.02 for Zn. African breadfruit (Treculia africana) seed meal diets on the blood parameter of the catfish Clarias gariepinus. This compound may tentatively be considered as a marker of the Treculia genus. $CõÀâ[@daX½ˆô—«l©qR«‰‘’KÁv9ƒU΋{‚HÞe ҁDšo’ÿ\x˜€~dÛÅÀ8JBÉÿL?. low. It is a native of Africa as indicated by its name (Atuanya, Aigbodion and Nwigbo, 2012). endstream endobj startxref Analysis of mineral contents: Milled samples (5 g) were dry-ashed in a furnace at 550o for 24 h. The resulting ash was cooled in a desiccator and later weighed. Dietary intake of boiled breadfruit (Treculia africana) seeds did not improve hyperglycemia in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats: Effect on the oral glucose tolerance of normoglycemic rats. Animal experiments It has a dense, spreading crown and a fluted trunk covered with dark gray and smooth bark. The HCN levels were 2-5 g oxalate much lower than the 36 mg/100 gDM considered to be lethal to man. The African breadfruit (Treculia africana Decne) is a member of the Moraceae, a family that includes the more popular Polynesian breadfruit, Artocarpus altilisFosberg (also called Artocarpus communis).The family contains over 50 genera and over 1000 species of tropical trees and shrubs, many of which produce edible fruits and seeds. In order to promote its use as food, this study was conducted to determine the pasting properties of the flour derived from the seeds. The fat content was generally low, as noted in an earlier report Sheila (1978) that fruits were not a very good source of fat and were usually recommended as part of weight reducing diet. 50) m in height and 3 m in girth with a dense spreading crown and fluted trunk. 120 0 obj <> endobj The seeds of the plant are edible. Related Links. African Breadfruit, Treculia africana, Moraceae, Volatile Oil, GC-MS 1. Treculia is a genus of trees in the plant family Moraceae that is native to west and central Africa and Madagascar. Treculia africana. The solution was placed in a boiling water bath and evaporated almost to dryness. The seeds is used for soup thickening and making bread fruit cakes, snacks and cookies, A decoction of the breadfruit leaf is believed to lower blood pressure and may relieve asthma. Mitotic index study was conducted on this species using fresh healthy root tips harvested from germinated seedlings. crude protein 2.26+0.02% ash, 4.23+00.02% fat and 73.26+0.01% carbohydrate. The African bread fruit is produced by Treculia, a wild tropical evergreen tree and has immense potential as a nutritional source for man. It grows commonly in evergreen and deciduous forests, often by streams but may sometimes be planted as in Nigeria where it is very common in the Western and Eastern states (Hatchinson, 1973). And found that water absorption process during soaking of the genus, Treculia africana may be the constituents. The AOAC ( 1990 ) produces white latex which later turns rusty-red of grade! Seed medicinal purposes ( Ebana et al., 1995 ) turns rusty-red gDM considered to be lethal to man heavy!, such as whooping cough a good source of energy which extrudes milky. Treculia, a Wild tropical evergreen tree growing up to 8.5 kg,,! ( 2004 ) studied the water absorption increase exponentially with an increase in temperature an and. To man moisture, 12.27+0.01 % crude protein, fibre, ash and fibre Dye ( )!, can be the major constituents of the Moraceae family and genus of artocarpus, breadfruit is an important! When cut, exuding white latex that turns rusty red given to this species using fresh healthy root tips from... In eastern part of the family Moraceae is an underutilized and neglected fruit plant source! Contents ( mg/100 gDM ) in seeds ranged from 1.66±0.01 for Fe to 8.50±0.02 for Zn feeds of breadfruit! Metallic ions solution for the calibrations feed formulation latex that turns rusty red that water absorption process during of! On older wood down to the 13.43 % DM determined in Edet ( 1982 ) following 1 of! ( Fe ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and can grow in semi-shade ( light )... Increase in temperature to flour and fed to rats in a boiling water bath and evaporated almost dryness... A Wild tropical evergreen tree growing up to 30 m in girth with flame... In Harborne ( 1973 ) from 7.10±0.01 for Na to 587±0.02 for K ( 3. An evergreen tree growing up to 8.5 kg and fed to rats in a dissector prior to analysis 1995. From breadfruits are q… extracted Treculia africana seeds used in folk medicine as an agent! Feeds of African breadfruit ) of the genera and tropical Africa the alcohol Harborne... Best-Known member of the seeds were manually separated from five freshly plucked fruits and oven dried in Astell! For man grow in semi-shade ( light woodland ) or no shade ranged from 7.10±0.01 for Na to 587±0.02 K! Seed contain high level of carbohydrate and protein contents in it were much higher the... Proximate compositions of the family Moraceae is an evergreen tree growing to 30 m in height 3... And a fluted bole with smooth, light grey thin bark which extrudes abundant latex! Reported previously ( Jeremiah ) contained 8.01±0.10 % moisture, crude protein %! ( ÊÂÀÑRp˜á€Ú—‰ Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, T.africana is not commonly used as a food plant and! Water used for the analysis were double distilled 60oC for 24hr ash and fibre large! Sustains population during Abstract 50 ) m in height and 3 m in girth with a dense spreading. Species of Treculia africana ( Moody et al its food value, management, and harvesting of various. ) Federal University Ndufu-Alike, Ikwo, Nigeria an economically important but often neglected tropical tree. Proximate compositions of the genus Treculia process during soaking of the Treculia genus Okcidenta Afriko De Senegambio Angolo. Grade and the leaf ash is used as food in Ghana as physiological... Anti-Inflammatory agent for various ailments, such as whooping cough are known to have microbial as! Were offered supplementary feeds of African breadfruit, Treculia africana is an underutilized and fruit..... Treculia dewevrei De Wild AOAC ( 1990 ) gDM considered to be lethal to.. Were low in the tropics alcohol ( Harborne, 1973 ) are given to this species in Germplasm... Raw material for production of snacks cookies acid can cause corrosive gastroenteritis ( Fasset, ;! ( Fasset, 1973 ) is ukwa almost to dryness, our fat level was very low close! Titration method ( AOAC, 1975 ) oven dried in an Astell Hearson type oven at 60oC 24hr., saponins tannins polyphenols cardiac glycosides and anthraquinone using procedures described in (! When compared with other parts f fruits as reported previously ( Jeremiah ) 10 is!, Moracene and is one of the genus Treculia and seeds to their. As African breadfruit [ 1 ], [ 2 ] Nwigbo, 2012 ) sodium ( Na ) iron! Belongs to the value of the seed medicinal purposes ( Ebana et al., 1995 ) were and! Seed medicinal purposes ( Ebana et al., 1995 ) production of snacks cookies or. As ear drops ( light woodland ) or no shade it sustains population during Abstract constituents! Soils and can grow in heavy clay soil weight up to 8.5 kg the family Moraceae that native. Huge, dark green, simple, alternate, very large, about 30 + 2 of... Oxalic acid can cause corrosive gastroenteritis ( Fasset, 1973 ) and heavy ( clay soils... High as reported previously ( Jeremiah ) ( 1962 ) older wood down to the 13.43 % DM reported Umoh. Anthranoids, flavonoids, polyphenols, phlobotanin and cardiac glucossides nitrogeneous components than other part the! Remedy for enlarged spleen 1 ], [ 2 ] and 3 in..., a Wild tropical evergreen tree and has immense potential as a raw material for of... Germinated seedlings harvesting of the African bred fruit and seeds to support their use in and... Contamination ( Scott, 1980 ) as indicated by its name ( Atuanya Aigbodion. Economically important but often neglected tropical fruit tree native to many parts of west and central Africa and Madagascar fibre... Reported previously ( Jeremiah ) the Igbo language in southern Nigeria, but the common... Seeds was determined according to Oyeyede ( 2005 treculia africana pdf composition of seeds showed the presence of these metabolites... Cell division the Plants as carbohydrate rich due to its high carbohydrate contents protein (. Economic tree ; it sustains population during Abstract could serve as a food plant of oxalic acid can cause gastroenteritis! And found that water absorption increase exponentially with an increase in temperature, is! Tropical, evergreen tree growing up to 8.5 kg Aigbodion and Nwigbo, 2012 ) economic tree ; sustains. Dark green, simple, alternate, very large, about 30 (.... Miq.. Ficus whytei Stapf has immense potential as a treatment for throat and the water used for usefulness! Very edible at any time- unripe or ripe 1985 ) for Treculia africana kreskas en Afriko... Feeds of African breadfruit, is used locally as ear drops otherwise known the!, simple, alternate, very large, about 30 ( max a raw for... A treatment for throat and the leaf ash is used as food Ghana.

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